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BRIEF INTERNATIONAL LITERATURE REVIEW ON SELECTIVE MUTISM

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The selective mutism refers to a disorder considered rare taking into consideration its prevalence ranging from 0.03 to 1% in children of both sexes. It is by persistent failure to speak in social situations, such as at school, either with other children or adults. However this failure is not related to the lack of knowledge on the language in the situation. On the other hand, they usually establish communication with their parents or people strictly selected by them. Thus, these children have no communication or cognitive disorder; they have an increased level of social anxiety. This work is part of a PhD thesis entitled: "The use of alternative communication resources as an intervention in cases of children with selective mutism: a form of expansion of verbal communication beyond the family context" and aims to present a brief international literature review. The chosen themes addressed investigations into aspects that may be affected by selective mutism in children with this disorder, such as academic performance and social relationships. In addition to these, they have also identified articles that talk about types of treatment and comparative studies. Therefore, we selected ten articles published in international journals between 2004 and 2011.

Author(s):

Danielle Castelões    
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

Odila Mansur    
INSTITUTO FEDERAL FLUMINESE
Brazil

Leila Nunes    
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

 

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