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Cultural influence of picture-based symbols for the Korean and English social words

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The purpose of the current study was (1) to compare the understanding of social word symbols in the Picture Communication Symbols (PCSs) to the ones in the Ewha AAC symbols developed in Korea; and (2) to determine what type of symbols are more effective than the others to understand social words.
Participants were 29 Korean-speaking female adults with little knowledge of AAC. A total of 10 symbols corresponding to 10 social words were selected each from PCSs and the Ewha AAC symbols to conduct a guessability task and a translucency task.
Results showed that the Ewha AAC symbols were named more correctly than PCSs in the guessability task. Regarding types of symbols, gesture type was named correctly the most, followed by code type, and followed by facial expression type. Results also showed that the Ewah AAC symbols were rated higher than PCSs in the translucency test. Regarding types of symbols, code type was rated the highest, followed by gesture type, and followed by facial expression type.
These results indicate that Korean participants understand the symbols developed in Korea more than the symbols developed abroad, implying that cultural difference may impact the understanding of the AAC symbols. Gesture type of symbols was easily understood whereas it was difficult to understand facial expression type of symbols, implying that gesture type of social word symbols may be more effective to understand than facial expression type of social word symbols

Author(s):

Si Yeon Seong    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

Min Kyung Han    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

Seon Kyoung Han    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

Ji hee Jung    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

Ro Won Kang    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

Young Tae Kim    
EWHA Womans University
Korea (Republic of)

 

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