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Characteristics of narratives by children who use communication books - a case study of two

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Objectives. Narrative means a way of report, understand and structure a lived experience. It is an important mean of self-expression and interaction and people use it to share information with each other. This study describes the characteristics of augmented narratives that are formed with communication books.
Methods. The study consists of two physically disabled 13 and 16-year-old boys who used communication books as an alternative mean of their communication. The research material was gathered during the spring of 2014. The material consists of video recordings of examinees performing three kinds of narrative assignments.

Results. Macrostructures of the narratives produced by a communication book varied. Most diverse narratives did fill the characteristics of a perfect narrative whereas the most compact narratives mainly focused on describing individual events only. The narratives were mainly short and use of grammatical function words was scarce. Expressions of cohesion was mainly scarce and monotonous as its best.

Conclusions. These results support and complement previous research. Further research is important to achieve a sufficient perception of particularities of augmented narratives so that the communication aids can be developed to better support the language development and expressional needs of these children.


Enni Kuusela    
University of Helsinki

Kaisa Launonen    
University of Helsinki


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