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"There is always time to stop for ten minutes". Supporting interaction with a HYP model

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Aim: People with severe and profound intellectual disabilities communicate with early communication skills through their life and they are at risk of ending up on the edge of interaction. Staff members’ abilities and time determine how the interaction will work between the communication partners. The purpose of this study was to find out how the HYP model, developed for supporting daily interaction, works. The aim was also to produce information, to give people with intellectual disabilities more opportunities for interaction.

Methods: This research data were collected in the Communication and Technology Center of the Finnish Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (Tikoteekki). The data were collected in three Finnish units where the first trials of the HYP model were accomplished. Participants of this study were staff members and people with intellectual disabilities and people with autism. The data consisted of different forms, which the staff members had filled in during the HYP periods. These data were analyzed using the Grounded Theory methodology.

Results: The core category from the data turned out to be reciprocal interaction, and the main categories were cooperation, presence, contact and initiative. The core category collected the whole data and all the different categories together. It was something what the staff members tried to reach during the HYP interaction or it was a wish to achieve with their clients.

Conclusion: By using the HYP model the staff members got to know their clients’ interaction styles better and it became easier for them to communicate with each other.


Assi Rohiola    
University of Helsinki

Kaisa Launonen    
University of Helsinki

Kaisa Martikainen    


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